v i s i t o r s

Research interests
> Invasive plants in Israel
Other invasives in Israel

> Invasive plants in Israel > Lantana camara L.

Lantana camara L.
Life form: Evergreen shrub
En: Lantana, Red Sage, Fr: Lantanier
Provenance: Central and Southern America

Distribution in Israel
Several populations of Lantana camara have been recorded in protected sites in Israel, e.g. in the Nature Reserves of Tel-Itshak and Iris Argaman, as well as in the National Park of Nahal Ha-Yarkon in the coastal plain. The species has also invaded the internationally known Nature Reserve of Ein Guedi and its surroundings on the shore of the Dead Sea.
The occurrence of Lantana camara in other protected areas in Israel is currently under investigation.
Some individuals have also been found locally in open areas next to irrigated plantations and orchards in the coastal plain and in western Galilee.

Proliferation status
Although Lantana camara is considered one of the '100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species' according to the Invasive Species Speciality Group (ISSG) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) (Lowe et al. 2000), this plant has not yet reached the status of 'invasive' in Israel, according to the terminology suggested by Richardson et al. (2000). The main reason for this is that when they occur in open areas, Lantana specimens do not produce reproductive offspring in very large numbers; Lantana camara is therefore, to date, 'naturalized' in Israel.

Lantana camara in Israel
Lantana camara was introduced in Israel prior to 1957.
The species has been introduced in Israel for ornamental purposes.
The local scale distribution pattern of Lantana in Israel suggests that the plant is sensitive to low levels of soil water: The specimens observed, even in nature reserves, are generally growing close to irrigated agriculture fields or orchards. This presumed abiotic constraint to the proliferation of lantana in Israel should not be interpreted as a lack of further invasion threats especially in wet habitats (springs, river banks, ponds, marshes, etc.).
Therefore its removal, even in nascent foci, should be planned all over the country without further delay.

Individuals can be pulled out provided the roots are removed in order to prevent resprouting. Cleared areas should be treated with herbicides such as glyphosate in order to kill seedlings.

Morton J.K. (1994) Lantana, or red sage (Lantana camara L., [Verbenaceae]), notorious weed and popular garden flower; some cases of poisoning in Florida. Economics Botany 48:259-270.

Swarbrick J.T., Willson B.W. & Hannan-Jones M.A. (1995) The biology of Australian weeds 25. Lantana camara L. Plant Protection Quarterly 10:82-95.

Totland Ø., Nyeko P., Bjerknes A.L., Hegland S.J. & Nielsen A. (2005) Does forest gap size affect population size, plant size, reproductive success and pollinator visitation in Lantana camara, a tropical invasive shrub ? Forest Ecology and Management 215:329-338.

Last Modified: Friday, 20 January 2006

All rights reserved - Biogecomed.com - 2006 <<<